Monday, September 25, 2017

Der Branchentag Holzhandel und Holzindustrie

Branchentag Holz - Die Plattform für die ganze Branche

14. Branchentag Holz  // 14. – 15. November 2017

Koelnmesse – Halle 8

Ticketshop Branchentag Holz / Branchenabend

Bereits 1991 wurde diskutiert, eine Veranstaltung für den Holzhandel und die Holzwirtschaft – Handel, Lieferanten, Hersteller und Dienstleister – und deren Firmeninhaber und leitende Angestellte zu etablieren. 
Dieses Konzept ist sowohl beim Holzhandel als auch bei dessen Lieferanten auf große Resonanz gestoßen. Diese Veranstaltung lebt von dem hochrangigen Publikum und den hochwertigen Ausstellern. 
Der Branchentag bietet Holzhandel und Holzindustrie die Möglichkeit, sich professionell miteinander zu vernetzen.

Sunday, September 24, 2017

We should take advantage of our geographical location

Chairmanship priorities of Kainuu Region 2015 - 2017. Barents cooperation is organized between Finland, Sweden, Norway and Northwest Russia.

The overall objective of the cooperation is to promote sustainable development and the cooperation in the region.

The Barents regional cooperation is developing in a positive direction and it is becoming more and more significant for the citizens.

Within the regional level cross-border cooperation, regional developmental needs and connections between individual citizens are emphasized on a level on which the fluctuations of international politics have no effect.

Source: The Barents Euro-Arctic Region / Barents Regional Council

Monday, October 26, 2015

International trade fair for forestry, pulp and paper

Nordautomation participates at the "International trade fair for forestry, pulp and paper" in Concepción.

Businessmen, contractors, professionals and industry executives will meet at the Expocroma. They will get in contact with senior executives and representatives of major companies providing the latest technology and services, both domestic and foreign.

At the same time with the increasing presence of large delegations from other countries. EXPOCORMA generates in this way, the most important event of the export sector's largest country, based on renewable resources.

The Expocorma will take place on 3 days from Wednesday, 18. November to Friday, 20. November 2015 in Concepción.

Fair organizer:
Agustinas 1357, 3rd Floor
Santiago, Chile
Tel: +56 (0)2 6887978

Friday, September 25, 2015

Sawmill History and Terminology

 The earliest literary reference to a working sawmill comes from a Roman poet, Ausonius who wrote an epic poem about the river Moselle in Germany in the late 4th century AD.

At one point in the poem he describes the shrieking sound of a watermill cutting marble.

Marble sawmills also seem to be indicated by the Christian saint Gregory of Nyssa from Anatolia around 370/390 AD, demonstrating a diversified use of water-power in many parts of the Roman Empire.

Sawmills became widespread in medieval Europe again, as one was sketched by Villard de Honnecourt in c. 1250. They are claimed to have been introduced to Madeira following its discovery in c. 1420 and spread widely in Europe in the 16th century.

By the 11th century, hydro-powered sawmills were in widespread use in the medieval Islamic world, from Islamic Spain and North Africa in the west to Central Asia in the east.

Prior to the invention of the sawmill, boards were rived (split) and planed, or more often sawn by two men with a whipsaw, using saddle-blocks to hold the log, and a saw pit for the pitman who worked below.

Sawing was slow, and required strong and hearty men. The top-sawer had to be the stronger of the two because the saw was pulled in turn by each man, and the lower had the advantage of gravity. The top-sawyer also had to guide the saw so that the board was of even thickness. This was often done by following a chalkline.

Early sawmills simply adapted the whipsaw to mechanical power, generally driven by a water wheel to speed up the process.

The circular motion of the wheel was changed to back-and-forth motion of the saw blade by a connecting rod known as a pitman arm (thus introducing a term used in many mechanical applications).

Generally, only the saw was powered, and the logs had to be loaded and moved by hand. An early improvement was the development of a movable carriage, also water powered, to move the log steadily through the saw blade.

A type of sawmill without a crank is known from Germany called "knock and drop" or simply "drop" -mills. In these drop sawmills, the frame carrying the saw blade is knocked upwards by cams as the shaft turns.

These cams are let into the shaft on which the waterwheel sits. When the frame carrying the saw blade is in the topmost position it drops by its own weight, making a loud knocking noise, and in so doing it cuts the trunk.”

A small mill such as this would be the center of many rural communities in wood-exporting regions such as the Baltic countries and Canada.

The output of such mills would be quite low, perhaps only 500 boards per day. They would also generally only operate during the winter, the peak logging season.

In the United States, the sawmill was introduced soon after the colorization of Virginia by recruiting skilled men from Hamburg.

Later the metal parts were obtained from the Netherlands, where the technology was far ahead of that in England, where the sawmill remained largely unknown until the late 18th century. The arrival of a sawmill was a large and stimulative step in the growth of a frontier community.
Industrial revolution

Early mills had been taken to the forest, where a temporary shelter was built, and the logs were skidded to the nearby mill by horse or ox teams, often when there was some snow to provide lubrication.

As mills grew larger, they were usually established in more permanent facilities on a river, and the logs were floated down to them by log drivers.

Sawmills built on navigable rivers, lakes, or estuaries were called cargo mills because of the availability of ships transporting cargoes of logs to the sawmill and cargoes of lumber from the sawmill.

The next improvement was the use of circular saw blades, perhaps invented in England in the late 18th century, but perhaps in 17'th century Holland, the Netherlands.

Soon thereafter, millers used gang-saws, which added additional blades so that a log would be reduced to boards in one quick step.

Circular saw blades were extremely expensive and highly subject to damage by overheating or dirty logs. A new kind of technician arose, the sawfiler. Sawfilers were highly skilled in metalworking.

Their main job was to set and sharpen teeth. The craft also involved learning how to hammer a saw, whereby a saw is deformed with a hammer and anvil to counteract the forces of heat and cutting. The Modern circular saw blades have replaceable teeth, but still need to be hammered.

The introduction of steam power in the 19th century created many new possibilities for mills. Availability of railroad transportation for logs and lumber encouraged building of rail mills away from navigable water.

Steam powered sawmills could be far more mechanized. Scrap lumber from the mill provided a ready fuel source for firing the boiler. Efficiency was increased, but the capital cost of a new mill increased dramatically as well.

In addition, the use of steam or gasoline-powered traction engines also allowed the entire sawmill to be mobile.

By 1900, the largest sawmill in the world was operated by the Atlantic Lumber Company in Georgetown, South Carolina, using logs floated down the Pee Dee River from as far as the edge of the Appalachian Mountains in North Carolina.

Sawmill terminology

Source: Wikipedia

Sunday, September 6, 2015

Nordautomation at Wood and Bioenergy in Jyvaskyla

The leading event of wood industry, bringing together all leading practitioners, was wider than ever.

Main product groups

  • Sawmill industry machines and equipment
  • Panel industry machines and equipment
  • Machines and equipment for further processing of sawn wood and wood panels and joinery industry
  • Other technical systems and equipment for processes
  • Process accessories and raw materials
  • Services, supplementary functions
  • Business systems and programmes
  • New products and innovations
  • Wood components, billets, elements
See the whole list of product groups.

Wednesday, June 24, 2015

The future is in Service oriented Industries

The Finnish Building sector employeed over 4 000 more people compared with the previous year 2013.

Nevertheless, building and construction is not growing very much in Finland, but it's still employing a lot of people. Automation and Robotization is not going to hit this sector who relies on manual labor.

As the picture from Poland shows, wood as a building material is not only a Nordic thing. This fantastic log-house incorporates a hotel, restaurant and conference rooms.

In Finland, the need for new employees is strongest in renovation and seems to continue on a healthy level even in the future. New legislation is going to boost the growth of wood-based buildings.

Modern wood-based building materials (CLT = Cross Laminate Timber) are also showing a healthy growth. The wooden windows manufacturer Skaala started a new factory in Russia this spring.

Tuesday, June 16, 2015

Hanna Ojala brings new ideas to Social Media Reporting

Hanna Ojala, it's great to have you as new social media reporter with the intention to interview and profile members of Nordautomation.

The company is know for log handling and sawmill related technologies.

Nordautomation has delivered robust and productive technical solutions to sawmills around the world, but not all these success stories are that well know outside a small group of specialists.

There is a continuous stream of news to tell while it's the people and their skills that make the company and the difference.

Let's use this blog and all the other social media channels to deliver the good news to our clients and partners around the globe.

Monday, June 8, 2015

Megathema Industrie 4.0

The German manufacturing industry, technical universities, equipments manufacturers are talking about Industry 4.0 or the fourth industrial revolution. There's nothing ultimately new under the sun, CIM or Computer Integrated Manufacturing has been around since the 1980s. The Factory of the Future likewise.

Nevertheless, the concept of Industrie 4.0 is much more mature while Machines, Processes, Internet of Things, Robotics, Automation, Big Data and Cloud computing are integrated into a seamlessly operating global factory,  the producers and consumers are alos linked together and Networking day and Night, seven days a week and 365 days a year.

Sunday, June 7, 2015

Ligna 2015 in retrospect

The prospects of large, new sawmills built as green-field projects will be an exception in the near future. Sawmill technology providers are focusing on:
  • technology updates
  • modernization of plants
  • capacity improvements
  • replacement investments
More often there will be a need for innovative solutions for optimising existing systems and increasing operational efficiency, and for IoT (Internet of Things) boosted technical support and maintenance.

The cost of the raw material is high and it's of vital importance to make more value out of wood.Our clients are not satisfied with "business as usual", it's of vital importance to come up with innovations, inventions and productivity enhancement tools to improve the productivity and profitability of the wood working value chain.

In a time of limited investments, Nordautomation has been doing remarkably well. But we've to look at the wood working world with open eyes and adapt to the changing needs of our customers.

There's a latent potential for productivity improvements at medium-sized sawmills. New potential has to be found in the BRIC countries.

We're looking forward to a very challenging future. 

The Future of IoT = Internet of Things

In the near future the Internet and wireless technologies will connect different sources of information such as sensors, mobile phones and cars in an ever tighter manner.

The number of devices which connect to the Internet is – seemingly exponentially – increasing.

These billions of components produce consume and process information in different environments such as logistic applications, factories and airports as well as in the work and everyday lives of people.

The society need new, scalable, compatible and secure solutions for both the management of the ever more broad, complexly-networked Internet of Things, and also for the support of various business models.

The aim of our Internet of Things Strategic Research Agenda is both to create framework for study within the given field and also to clearly define the central research objectives.

Friday, June 5, 2015

Global Demand for Timber could Triple by 2050

WWF's Living Forests report research suggests that global demand for timber could triple by 2050. This startling statistic reflects the steadily growing demand for solid wood and paper products in emerging markets as population and economic growth takes place as well as increasing use of wood as a feedstock for bioenergy.

The world has lost half of its forests, and continues to lose an area the size of England every year. Deforestation is driven by a range of factors, particularly increased use of land for agriculture - the global population will surpass 9 billion by 2050, and will require expanding food supplies by 70 percent.

According to the WWF report, the climate change will reduce crop yields in many countries, which means food, fiber and fuel will compete intensively for limited land and water resources in the future, putting increasing pressure on forests.

Source: Die Messe - Messejournal - Ligna 2015, Hannover, 11. - 15. Mai 205

The Race for Wood on the Rise

Ligna 2015 Branchennews | Wood is becoming an increasingly popular raw material - and not only in the construction sector. More and more private households and municipal authorities are also using wood for heating. All of which is driving competition for this desirable raw material.

2010 marked a turning point for the timber industry. For the first time since World War Two, more wood was being used in Germany to produce energy such as heat and electricity than to create commodities such as construction materials, composite wood products or paper.

The rise in demand for wood fuel was driven on the one hand by increased oil prices and, on the other, by government subsidies aimed at promoting the use of wood as a sustainable fuel. In order to meet demand, pellet imports to Germany are most probably going to rise.

Using wood in cascades results in a number of ecological benefits. First, using wood as a building material and later as a fuel has advantages for the environment.

Lumber is an important, long term carbon sink and so we should be looking to use wood primarily as a building material.

In a scenario where oil prices remain at current levels, 46 per cent of wood in Bavaria is used as fuel. in the event of prices doubling, this proportion would rise to 54 per cent.

At the same time, capacities and production levels for the material utilization of wood in Bavaria would fall - even if the manufacturing industries were to introduce technical innovations or reduce capacity utilization.

More wood products would have to be imported to make up for this shortfall in materials. Alternatively, industries would have to use more  non-wood products.

Source: DIE MESSE - Messejournal - Ligna 2015, Hannover, 11. - 15. Mai 2015

Tuesday, May 19, 2015

Wooden Hotel Building in Poland

Poland has a long stockwerk building tradition. The picture is from while on the road. It seems there are multiple hotels built in massive wood.

Wednesday, May 13, 2015

Industry 4.0 at Ligna 2015

 Networked Production, Industry 4.0, the Fourth Industrial Revolution, Internet of Things, you name it, all these are buzz words for the future wood working industries.

The world wide market for woodworking and wood processing machinery is worth an estimated nine billion euros and it's on show in Hannover in just a few days' time.

Whether it's kitchen cabinets, doors, windows or roof trusses - if it's made of wood, it's made using machines of the kind on show in Hannover at LIGNA 2015.

"Process optimization. Automation. Product Individualization. They're the big themes at LIGNA 2015," said Dr. Joech Köckler, a member of the Managing Board of Deutsche Messe, the company that organizes LIGNA.

Companies that work with wood are working smarter as they embrace the automated, connected world of Industry 4.0. They are looking for ways of making their production processes more efficient.

Nordautomation is here with an enthusiastic team presenting, researching, documenting and producing information for internal and external use.

Tuesday, May 12, 2015

Ligna 2015 Started Monday May 11, 2015

Ligna 2015 started yesterday. Nordautomation is presenting its product lines. Keijo Lamminen, Peter Näsman, and Hannu Luhtasaari talking with Irja Kallio.

The day started with a nice spring weather and the nature looks great and green. Temperature in Hannover 24 C.

We'll be reporting more details about the first impression on Tuesday. The expo will continue until Friday May 15, 2015.